Male Reproductive Organs Conditions

The male reproductive organs exist to manufacture sperm. The organs are prone to several relatively common conditions. Some, such as testicular or penile cancer, can be life-threatening. Others, such as infertility or erectile dysfunction can cause serious psychological distress and lower quality of life for sufferers.

The male reproductive system consists of two round glands called testes that sit in a sac (the scrotum), and the penis. The penis contains the urethra (through which urine and sperm pass) and two tubes either side of the urethra (these fill with blood to give an erection). Sperm is produced in the testes. It travels up the vas deferens vessel to the urethra, where it mixes with prostate fluid to form semen. At climax the semen travels out of the urethra at great speed (known as ejaculation).

Cancer of the Penis (Penile Cancer)

Cancer of the penis, or penile cancer, rarely affects men under 40, and only 1 in 100,000 men overall. It is a potentially fatal condition. With penile cancer, tumours usually appear on the end of the penis or on the foreskin

Learn more

Phimosis (Foreskin Problems)

When males are first born, their foreskin is tight. Over time it gradually loosens until it can be easily pulled back over the penis head (glans). Phimosis occurs when the foreskin remains unusually tight and cannot be drawn back.

Learn more

Testicular Torsion

Testicular torsion occurs occurs due to the rotation and twisting of the testicle. This causes swelling and eventually cuts off the blood supply to the testicle

Learn more

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the persistent or recurrent inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual activity. It is sometimes known as ‘impotence’. It’s a very common problem, particularly affecting men past the age of 40, and around 1 in 10 men overall.

Learn more


A vasectomy is a surgical form of contraception. The operation involves cutting and tying the tubes (called vas deferens) that deliver sperm from the testes to the prostate to make semen.

Learn more

Testicular Cancer

Over 2,400 males are diagnosed with testicular cancer in the UK every year. It most commonly affects males between the ages of 15-45 and nearly half of those diagnosed in the UK will be under the age of 35. For most males diagnosed with testicular cancer the outlook is positive.

Learn more

Our stories

Urology diseases can affect people’s lives in profound, sometimes devastating ways. Yet, behind each case is often an account of bravery, medical excellence, and even recovery.

Your stories are important. Through understanding the experiences of people affected by urology diseases, we can take action to drive real change. We’d love to hear from you about your experiences.



Tell your story